A lawn under water stress is more prone to disease, insects, and weeds. Avoid water stress on your lawn by following a few basic watering guidelines.

HOW MUCH: Most lawns need at least 1” of water per week to avoid water stress. You can measure by placing an empty food storage container under the area being watered. Once the container has 1” depth of water in it, move the sprinkler to another area. You can also test by inserting a screwdriver into the soil to see if it penetrates easily. If so, rotate the sprinkler to another section of lawn.

Saturate to a depth of 6-8” when you water. Grass suffers more from too shallow watering, water longer in each area. Also, water extra along curbs and pavements. These areas heat up quicker and dry out faster.

WHEN: Water your lawn early in the day. Early morning watering ensures that the water goes down into the roots instead of going up in vapor. You want to water when the least amount will be lost to evaporation. Also, you may think watering at night is best because it is cooler, but watering at night promotes disease and mold by allowing the ground to stay wet for too long.

Core Aeration

Year after year, the soil on your lawn gets compressed. This results in a reduction in the amount of oxygen and nutrients to the roots of your grass. Thinning, stress and loss of color result until the soil can no longer support any turf growth. An estimated 66% of residential lawns are growing on compacted soil.

Core aeration is used to allow air, moisture and fertilizer into the roots. A one or two inch “plug” of soil is pulled out of the ground. These plugs will remain on the lawn and decompose. Soil surrounding the plugged holes and the soil deposited on top will collapse and fill in the holes. This controlled removal of small soil cores will allow nutrients back to the root zone of your grass. Core aeration creates healthy roots and thicker, more beautiful lawns.

Pond Care

Clean pond yearly or Bi-yearly as needed in the spring.

Feeding: Over feeding your fish is one of the fastest ways to develop a pond algae bloom. Feed your Koi only what they can eat in 3 to 5 minutes twice a day, this is the most beneficial way to feed your Koi. If there is any food left after feeding, always remove it.

Add pond plants that will compete with the algae for nutrients as well as provide food for the Koi.

Consider adding Trapdoor Pond Snails. Snails will feed off of the algae. Trapdoor pond snails are very hardy and are live bearing snails so they will not overpopulate your pond. Be careful to not add egg laying snails to your pond. They will quickly take over. Algaeway cannot be used if snails are present.

Clean your skimmer net often and Insure water movement throughout the pond with falls, aerators and/or submersible pumps.
Add Algaeway as needed for the first month until the barley starts to work, or as directed if not using barley straw. Algaeway must be added as directed! Failure to follow directions can kill fish! Algaeway is toxic to snails and cannot be used if snails are in the pond.

If Algae does appear it can be treated with Green Clean and Microbe Lift PL. To treat pond, all pumps and aerators should be turned off. Green Clean is sprinkled on algae and allowed to sit for 20 minutes. At that time pumps and aerators can be turned back on and dead/lose algae should be filtered through skimmer box/net. Net will need to be cleaned often after application for heavy algae removal. Three days after Green Clean is applied Microbe Lift should be added as directed.

Information about Sting Algae: String algae is a problem suffered by most artificially filtered ponds. It is caused by an imbalanced pond metabolism and occurs because the rate at which nutrients such as phosphates and nitrates enter the pond is unnaturally high and out of balance with the rate at which they are broken down. Excessive food relative to pond volume results in an accumulation of nutrients on which string algae thrive, boosted by abundant sunlight in a clear pond. In a natural lake or pond, the growth of string algae is kept in balance by the restricted amount of nutrients. In addition, many organisms graze on string algae, preventing it from growing out of hand.

Pond Size:
______Average Length X _____ Average Width X
___ Average Depth X 7.48=_________Gallons

Test and monitor PH. After cleaning your pond in the spring, your PH should be tested and balanced as needed. Pond owner should have a test kit and should continue to monitor PH levels. 7.5 is ideal, though most koi can thrive at a stable pH level between 6.8-8.2 – as long as the pH stays consistent! Be very careful changing Ph levels. Any fast change in PH can kill fish. PH will often spike during the daytime hours. Consistency is what is important. Most often fish will adjust.

Add Biomax after cleaning pond or adding new water to the pond. Biomax adds beneficial bacteria and helps break down debris. Biomax does not have to be continued if you have pond plants that will do the same basic thing. However, it will not hurt to continue to add the Biomax

Add Barley Straw to the Pond after cleaning. As the straw decomposes in the water, byproducts are released creating a unique environment. The temperature of the water is an important factor. If the water temp is 40 degrees it may take up to 2 weeks for the straw to become active. When the water temperature is above 40 degrees the straw becomes active faster. In about a week the straw should begin to release it’s chemical, given sufficient sunlight and oxygen. Well oxygenated conditions are essential to ensure the straw will decompose and produce it’s chemical. If the straw is in a compacted state with restricted water movement through the straw, the effectiveness is extremely reduced. Barley straw does not harm fish or plant life. In garden ponds, the straw should be wrapped loosely in some type of netting that will allow water to flow through. To be most effective, place the bundle of straw in or near a waterfall or stream. As the straw decomposes it will sink. Some sort of float (cork or plastic bottle) should be attached to keep it partially out of the water. The straw needs a continuous exposure to both water and oxygen. Keeping the straw oxygenated will help the barley decompose thus releasing the byproducts. Barley straw should be added very early in the spring. It is best to apply when the water temp is low. Time should be given (about 30 days) for the straw to become active. Once activated, the straw will create the unique environment for up to 6 months. A replacement bundle should be added before the first bundle is completely decomposed. Two applications should be enough. An average home garden pond of 800 – 1200 gallons of water should only need an 8 ounce bundle of straw in the spring and then again around the beginning of summer. Avoid adding excessive amounts of straw especially in extremely hot conditions. Barley extract is also available in liquid form that can be added monthly.

Be sure to remove the straw if you’re in a climate where the water will freeze!
(information found on Lillyblooms.com)